Research carried out by the University of Kent has shown that diets are changing in complex ways worldwide. International food supply patterns are supporting healthier diets in parts of the world, but causing underweight and obesity elsewhere. They are also having important effects on environmental sustainability, with potentially worrying consequences.
James Bentham, lecturer in Statistics at Kent’s School of Mathematics, Statistics and Actuarial Science, led the research alongside professor Majid Ezzati from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London and other U.K. and international colleagues. The researchers carried out the study analyzing food supply data for 171 countries from the 1960s to 2010s.
The team discovered that South Korea, China and Taiwan have experienced the largest changes in food supply over the past five decades, with animal source foods such as meat and eggs, sugar, vegetables, seafood and oil crops all becoming a much larger proportion of diet. In contrast, in many Western countries, the supply of animal source foods and sugar has declined, particularly in high-income English-speaking countries such as the U.K., U.S., Canada and Australia. The researchers also found that many countries around the world have seen an increase in vegetable-based diets. The sub-Saharan Africa region showed the least change, with a lack of diverse food supply, and this could be an explanation for the region’s malnutrition.
The declines in diets based on animal source foods and sugar and corresponding increases in vegetable availability indicate a possible trend towards more balanced and healthier foods in some parts of the world. However, in South Korea, China and Taiwan in particular, the increase in animal source and sugar availability has occurred at the same time as a dramatic rise in obesity and also suggests that changes in diet may be having a substantial negative effect on the environment.
“There are clear shifts in global food supply, and these trends may be responsible for strong improvements in nutrition in some parts of the world,” said Bentham. “However, obesity remains a long-term concern, and we hope that our research will open doors to analysis of the health impacts of global diet patterns. Equally, we must also consider carefully the environmental impacts of these trends.”
Article from Science Daily.
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