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Canada, U.S. agree on zoning measures

In the event of a contagious foreign animal disease outbreak, Canada and the U.S. have agreed on measures that will minimize trade disruptions


Winnipeg, Man. – Canada and the U.S. have come to an agreement that will help minimize trade disruptions.

The two countries have agreed to recognize each other’s zoning measures during highly contagious foreign animal disease outbreaks.

In practice, the arrangement will mean that if Canada were to establish a disease control and eradication zone anywhere in Canada, the U.S. Department of Agriculture would continue to allow imports of live animals, animal products and by-products from disease-free areas of Canada.

Once Canada releases the zone, the U.S. would allow trade to resume from that area. Reciprocal arrangements would apply in the case of zones established anywhere in the U.S.

Minimize trade disruptions

Although these types of outbreaks are very rare in North America, the arrangement will help to minimize trade disruptions while still preventing the spread of disease should an outbreak occur.

“Cross-border trade in live animals, meat and other animal products and by-products contributes billions of dollars each year to Canada’s economy,” says Gerry Ritz, Agriculture Minister.

“This arrangement will keep U.S. market opportunities open for Canadian producers should a foreign animal disease outbreak occur, all while protecting human and animal health.”

This initiative fulfills a commitment made in the December 2011 Joint Action Plan of the Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC), which is aimed at better aligning the two countries’ regulations.

Enhance competitiveness

The main goal of the RCC is to enhance the economic competitiveness and well-being of Canada and the U.S., while maintaining high standards of animal health, public health and safety and environmental protection.

Under the arrangement, each country intends to accept each other’s decisions on establishing, maintaining and releasing a disease control and eradication zone if an outbreak of a foreign animal disease, such as foot-and-mouth disease or classical swine fever, occurs.

A detailed guidance framework, outlining exactly how the arrangement will work, is under development.

The framework will lay out agreed-upon processes and conditions for zoning recognition, and will involve extensive consultation with industry groups, states and provinces.


Deanna Rosolen

Deanna Rosolen

Managing Editor, Food in Canada
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